Psychotherapy stirs up new awareness and challenges existing beliefs. I find this stirring-up enlivening and exciting. Teaching provides a means to realize what I do not know, and a means to continue learning. Through teaching, I share my excitement in the process of thinking and feeling, enriching my work, and learning from students. In this way my work is fresh and enlivening.
- Introduction to Psychodynamic Thinking
- The Use of the Frame in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
- Projective Identification: Communication and Defense
- Symbolic Function
- Bion: Attacks on Linking
February - May, 2018
Object Relations Perspectives on Shame and Ungorgiving States of Mind
Location: 47 Marchwood Rd., Suite 1E, Exton, PA 19341
4 sessions - 10 CE hours
Co-sponsored by the Pennsylvania Society for Clinical Social Work and the Philadelphia Psychotherapy Study Center, an affiliate chapter of the International Psychotherapy Institute, Washington, DC
As the Indo-European root, "skam", of our word shame means "to hide", it is not surprising that the affect of shame has until recently been relatively neglected in psychoanalytic theorizing and in our literature and our dialogues.
In this seminar we will consider and discuss eight recent papers on shame and on the unforgiving states of mind that unbearable and unacknowledged shame tends to generate. We will consider the earliest origins of shame in the disruptions to the infants mirrored relation to the mother and how, when disruptions in that relationship are "dosed" in a tolerable and manageable way, it will foster a healthy tension and dialogue between one's omnipotent and idealized self on the one hand and one's ordinary and actual self on the other hand. We will then investigate how, when the self is saturated with unbearable shame, it can lead to unforgiving states of mind organized around grievance, bitterness, blame, and the relentless search for revenge and justice. We will investigate potential technical strategies for recognizing and symbolizing unbearable shame and for fostering the increased capacity to bear it.
We will also consider the complex relationship of, and interaction between, shame and guilt and the separate but related lines of development of each.
1) Participants will describe, discuss and elaborate the early origins of shame in the mirroring relationship between the infant and the mother.
2) Participants will describe, discuss and elaborate the differentiation between healthy shame that fosters the deflation of omnipotence and narcissism and the capacity for painful self-awareness, and unbearable shame that must be split off from awareness.
3) Participants will discuss, describe and elaborate how unbearable shame tends to foster unforgiving states of mind that hinder growth and well-being.
4) Participants will describe, discuss and elaborate the complex relationship between shame and guilt and the separate but related lines of development of each.
5) Participants will discuss, describe and investigate treatment strategies for recognizing and symbolizing unbearable shame and for fostering a greater capacity to bear it.
6) Through the discussion of shared case material, participants will further illustrate and elaborate the concepts being studied.
COURSE OUTLINE AND SYLLABUS:
1) Shame: the Hidden Resistance (2012), by E. Garfinkle
2) Early Shame and Mirroring (1997), by L. Frolund Shame, on Either Side of Defense (1999), by A.P. Morrison
3) Forgiveness: Origins, Dynamics, Psychopathology, and Technical Relevance (2002) by Salman Akhtar
4) Forgiveness as the Working through of Splitting (2009), by M.R. Lansky
All papers will be provided.
Saturday February 17, 2018
Saturday March 17, 2018
Saturday April 21, 2018
Saturday May 9, 2018
9:00 – 11:30 am
47 Marchwood Rd, suite 1E
Exton, Pa. 19341
For Pennsylvania Social Workers, Marriage and Family Therapists, and Professional Counselors, this program is approved for credit for professional workshops sponsored by the Pennsylvania Society for Clinical Social Work, a state affiliate of the Clinical Social Work Association listed in Section 47.36 of Title 49, Chapter 47 of the PA Code, State Board of Social Work Examiners. This program is also approved for credit for professional workshops for marriage and family therapists (Section 48.36) and professional counselors (Section 49.36).
For New Jersey Social Workers: This program is approved for 10 clinical credits. Attendance at programs or courses given at state and national social work association conferences, where the criteria for membership is an academic degree in social work, are a valid source of continuing education credit (N.J.A.C. 13:44G-6.4(c)4).
For psychologists: The International Psychotherapy Institute (IPI) is approved by the American Psychological Association to offer continuing education for psychologists. IPI maintains responsibility for the program.
Karen Fraley, MSS, LCSW, BCD, is in private practice in Exton, PA, providing psychoanalytic psychotherapy to individuals and couples, and clinical supervision to therapists. She holds certification in Object Relations Therapy from the International Psychotherapy Institute (IPI) in Washington, DC. She is also an active faculty member at IPI and a founding member of the Philadelphia Psychotherapy Study Center. She is a Fellow member of the Pennsylvania Society for Clinical Social Work.
For more information contact: Karen Fraley at (610) 952-0435 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Psychodynamic Perspective on The Body, Sexuality and Technology
This seminar will be structured around the careful reading and study of four papers by Alessandra Lemma about the development of an embodied identity, and the effects of technology, body piercings and transsexuality on developmental processes.
The body is the primary experience of self-representation, rooting the ego in bodily experiences and sensations. From this primary root, the development of the mind and the self takes hold. Using attachment theory and object relations, Lemma considers the psychological experience of embodiment, and its role in the development of the mind. In her work with adolescents, Lemma considers the wider social context for adolescent sexuality, particularly the effects of the internet, and the "black mirror" of the computer, its plasticity and immediacy as a mirror to portray and project a phantasy of the "perfect" body. She offers an alternative model, based in attachment theory, to aid the therapist to "see" and understand the psychic experience of body identity, self , body piercings and transsexuality.
GROWING PAINS AND THE USE OF THE OBJECT: A CONTEMPORARY READING OF D. W. WINNICOTT
This seminar will be structured around the careful reading and study of 4 of D.W. Winnicott's enduring and useful papers, and 4 papers by Thomas Ogden about his reading of the Winnicott's papers. The course will be designed both to introduce Winnicott's ideas and theories to those who are unacquainted with his contributions as well as to deepen the understanding of those who are already familiar with his work.
A major focus of the seminar will be to explicate and illustrate the ways in which Winnicott's ideas are manifest and useful in the clinical encounter. In addition to lecture and discussion of the readings, participants will be invited to share relevant case material for illustration and elaboration.
Retreat and Emergence: The Work of John Steiner
This seminar will be structured around the reading and the study of two books by John Steiner: Psychic Retreats (1993) and Seeing and Being Seen: Emerging from a Psychic Retreat (2011).
In these books Steiner describes the psychic retreat as a psychic structure -- that is, a highly-organized set of interlocking defenses geared toward alleviating what are felt to be unbearable anxieties and toward protecting the patient from the catastrophic persecution, fragmentation, and depression that are feared will follow if those defenses are given up. He illustrates how primitive feelings of shame, humiliation, and narcissistic injury arise as the defenses of the psychic retreat begin to shift, and he emphasizes the importance of mourning in facilitating emergence from the retreat.
In addition to lecture and discussion of the readings, participants will be invited to share relevant case material for illustration and discussion.
OVERCOMING TRAUMA: THE WORK OF BESSEL VAN DER KOLK
This seminar will be structured around the careful reading and study of Bessel van der Kolk's recent book, The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma. In this book Dr. van der Kolk describes how recent advances in neuroscience have increased and sharpened our understanding of the ways in which trauma not only affects but leaves a palpable imprint on the brain, the mind, and the body of the victim. His book provides a comprehensive approach to the treatment of trauma victims that integrates traditional talk therapy with psychopharmacology, body therapies, and EMDR.
We will augment the chapters in The Body Keeps the Score that deal with treating victims of childhood abuse with selected chapters from two other books: Soul Murder: the Effects of Childhood Abuse and Deprivation, by Leonard Shengold; and, Treating the Adult Survivor of Childhood Sexual Abuse, by Jody Messler Davies and Mary Gail Frawley.
In addition to lecture and discussion of the readings, participants will be invited to share relative case material for illustration and discussion.
The "I" of the Hawk: One Woman's Journey of Mourning, Dreaming and Self-Discovery
This seminar will be structured around the reading and the study of Helen Macdonald's recent memoir, H Is For Hawk. In that book, Macdonald chronicles her coming to terms with the sudden death of her father. An experienced and life-long falconer, she decides, in the aftermath of his death, to train, for the first time, a goshawk. As a part of that endeavor, she studies T.H. White's account of his attempt to train a goshawk decades before. Macdonald also explores and describes how White's abusive childhood impacted both his life and his finally failed attempt to train his hawk, and she contemplates and contrasts his story as a shadowy subtext to her own.
We will augment our study of Helen Macdonald's book with selected papers on mourning, dreaming, and the mid-life passage by Freud, Thomas Ogden, Elliott Jaques, Otto Kernberg, and Jay Greenberg.
In addition to lecture and discussion of the readings, participants will be invited to share relevant case material for illustration and elaboration of the themes we will be studying.
Psychodynamic Understanding of Trauma and Its Aftermath
This seminar will be structured around a careful reading and discussion of the book, Understanding Trauma, edited by Caroline Garland. The primary focus of each of the chapters in this book is to explicate the many and complex ways in which traumatic events are experienced by -- and interpreted by -- each particular individual according to the structure and nature of his or her internal world. We will consider modes of treatment and choices of interventions that might best facilitate the integration of the traumatic event into an overall narrative or view of the individual's self and life. We will also consider therapeutic strategies for engaging trauma-related themes such as identification with the aggressor, difficulties in symbolizing the traumatic experience, grievance and the wish for justice, restitution and/or revenge, mourning for the lost, pre-trauma self, and the symbolic repetition of the traumatic event in the transference/countertransference.
Reason, Passion, and Freedom of Thought: the Work and the Legacy of Hanna Segal
In this seminar we will read and study some of the major papers by Hanna Segal, who was one of the most influential psychoanalytic thinkers of the twentieth century. In studying these papers we will follow Segal's careful and concise explication of the work of Melanie Klein as well as her own expansion and elaboration of Klein's ideas. We will give particular attention to the many ways in which Segal links Kleinian theory to the clinical situation and how Kleinian concepts can be useful in guiding and structuring our interventions and interpretations.
In the course of our discussions participants will be invited to share clinical material to highlight and illustrate the concepts and ideas we will be studying.
Going to Extremes: Ethical Perspectives on Unusual Interventions
This seminar will be structured around the careful reading and study of Salman Akhtar's recent book, Unusual Interventions: Alterations in the Frame, Method, and Relationship in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis.
Each of the nine contributors to this volume present their views on a particular unusual or unorthodox intervention. We will study each of these contributions and consider the ethical issues and dilemmas that the use of these interventions contain and imply. We will not so much judge each unusual intervention as being right or wrong as much as we will seek to establish guidelines for ourselves when we consider such interventions, in order to help us to distinguish when those interventions might indeed be useful to our patients and clients and when they might reflect countertransference reactions and/or may further contribute to enactments that might be better handled by means of containment and symbolization.
We will also consider how to listen for our patients' unconscious, symbolic commentary on our interventions--both usual and unusual--in their material following an intervention as a way to help us to determined how our interventions have been received.
Work, Play, and Paradox: The Enduring Legacy of D.W.Winnicott, CE seminar.
This seminar will be structured around the careful reading and study of 15 of Winnicott's most lasting and useful papers. The seminar is designed both to introduce Winnicott's ideas and theories to those who are unfamiliar with his work and to deepen the understanding of those already familiar with his contributions. A major focus of the course will be to explicate and illustrate the ways in Which Winnicott's ideas are manifest and applicable in the clinical situation.
In addition to lecture and discussion of the readings, participants will be invited to share relevant case material for illustration and elaboration.
Seeing It Through: Essential Elements for Establishing, Protecting and Sustaining Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, CE seminar.
This seminar will focus on the clinical and technical issues involved in establishing the conditions and parameters necessary for a dynamic psychotherapy to come to life and to grow and develop. We will also consider the ways in which therapy founder or come to impasse when those conditions and parameters are not properly established and/or sustained. We will give particular attention to engaging situations where patients are about to terminate treatment prematurely or precipitously.
The seminar will be structured around a careful reading of Salman Akhtar's book, Turning Points in Dynamic Psychotherapy, as well as several chapters from Herbert Strean's book, Don't Lose Your Patients!: Responding to Patients Who Want to Quit Treatment.
Suffering and Sacrifice in the Therapeutic Encounter
The "scape- goat"- term comes from an ancient ritual of sacrifice and cleansing, in which two goats were chosen as sacrificial victims. One goat carried the sins for the group and was sent off into the wilderness to survive on its own. The other goat, pure and innocent, was sacrificed to the god or gods, in order to ensure the safety and goodness of the group. The goat sent off into the wilderness was the "escape- goat", the origin of the word "scapegoat". This goat carried the pain and suffering of the group, so that the group could live in harmony and peace together. Although we no longer practice animal sacrifices, we continue to think that we can banish unacceptable feelings, such as hate or anger. The scape-goat part of the self is banished to the wilderness, never to be seen or heard from again. Psychologically, this sacrifice is an act of denial of the part of the self deemed as un-acceptable to others.
- A client said: "I felt like the scarecrow in the Wizard of Oz- stuffed full of straw with no back-bone. I did everything my husband wanted to try to please him so he would not be angry anymore."
- Depression and anxiety can result from taking care of others through sacrificing ourselves.
- Women often say they have to be perfect in order to be loved. Or, they can only be happy if the people they love are happy first.
- These strategies are part of a security program designed to protect our loving relationships from conflict.
- The downside of this strategy is a loss of self agency.
- The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines "agency" as "the capacity, condition, or state of acting or exerting power".
- A client said: "My life is dictated by others, not by me. I have to do what others want me to do".
- Psychotherapy is the process of re-claiming and re-storing self agency and self authority.
- A client said: "My car is a mess, and I cleaned it out. I thought, I am in this car everyday and I do not take care of it. I realized I do not take care of myself."
- This woman is empowering herself to take action on her own behalf. This act of self agency will in turn benefit those she loves.